In October 2021, the High Deal Coalition (HHC) plans to push for the adoption of the 30 x 30 agenda to retain 30 percent of the land and sea by 2030. But Survival International has recently launched a campaign to end the agenda, which could jeopardize Indigenous land rights and food security.
The HIC-led 30 x 30 agenda seeks to keep climate change, biodiversity and the planet within the boundaries of the planet. According to Planet Earth, more than 16 percent of land and 7 percent of coastal waters are protected. To achieve the 2030 goal, H.C. Encourages the management and growth of protected areas, as well as natural solutions. The United Nations Biodiversity Party (COP 15) intends to push for the adoption of the agenda.
But Survival International, and several other human rights organizations, argue that such a plan would endanger Indigenous people who do not have formal land rights.. Without them, governments could revoke indigenous rights over land, food, and natural resources. Fiore Longgo, director of the French Survival International Chapter for Food Tank, said:
Survival International’s campaign aims to stop the adoption of the 30 x 30 agenda at COP 15, and Survival International plans to raise awareness of Indigenous rights and engage the public in dialogue. “We have been sending letters to the Bureau of Biological Diversity Convention. Explaining that this target could be harmful, together with other organizations, we asked why they do not include biodiversity conservation, Longo told the food tank.
The CDD, which operates under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), fully supports the implementation of the 30 x 30 Agenda. “Conservation areas and other effective environmental protection measures (OECM) are important steps to protect biodiversity,” said Elizabeth Maruma Marima, CEO of CBD. He went on to say that the process of creating such a plan represents “an opportunity for humanity to come together for a crucial time in nature and to accelerate all efforts to grow and agree on its goals and objectives.”
But Survival International is still not satisfied. They speak only of participation and knowledge and are not mentioned in the indigenous peoples. We don’t see anything positive when it comes to CDD, ”Longo told the food tank.
Historically, many conservation efforts around the world have displaced indigenous peoples, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda, Bat Kewa, Ojik in Kenya, and the Adivas in India.
“Indigenous people are 100% confident in their environment. They want to eat, to get medicine, to wear clothes, to practice their rituals, ”says Longgo. He added: “Food is not just food. “At a time when indigenous peoples are no longer able to use their diets, not only are they starving, but the existence of human beings is over.”
Survival International believes there is an opportunity to develop new conservation efforts that respect Indigenous land rights, and CDD listens to activists’ concerns.
“The Convention on COP 14 has approved an OECM definition that goes beyond protected areas,” he told Tree. The convention now recognizes the indigenous peoples’ relationship with their land and provides a participatory environment by incorporating indigenous peoples into the new 2030 goals.
“The target is still there, negotiations have to take place, so we have time to change,” Longo told the food tank.
Photo by John Salzarulo, Unsplash