Former Vice Chancellor of the Punjab University of Agriculture (PAU) and Padma Shire Prize-winning Baldev Sing Dylon, a Ludian-based university, said the overall crop production plan will look like a sown time and a significant change in the next few years. Due to the constant increase in temperature, the ripening period or improvement or delay is likely to last about a week. Ruyes Dilllon, the university’s longest-serving VC server, says the overall research spectrum in Punjab is underfunded. He says scientists are developing crops that do not affect photography and do not harm the temperature, but it will take time.
Dillon said Indian production is still growing. In Punjab, growth is slowing down more than production because plants have biological limits to produce. “There is no chance of a change until we introduce new ‘difficult technology’,” he added. High temperatures result in less milk and vegetable production.
According to PAU Chief Agrometrologist KK Gil, Punjab has reached 40 degrees Celsius in some places, even in March, after 10 years. This is mainly due to the long dry season in February and March. Gill had previously rained in the region due to Western unrest, but by this time March was completely dry. “High temperatures severely affected wheat and mustard crops, forcing them to ripen and forcing them to lose weight. We are not expecting a good harvest at this time. ”
Dililon said unstable rain is causing flooding and damaging crops. Unseasonal rains during the wheat harvest also cause significant losses, he said. Corn is usually harvested during the dry season, but if it rains a lot, it will wash away the pollen and eventually result in a lower crop yield. In general, there should be more flood tolerance, but sometimes flood tolerance does not help and crop quality is compromised, he said. At the same time, there is a better photosynthesis process due to the increase in carbon dioxide. As temperatures continue to rise, farmers will still be able to harvest new crops in low-lying areas, he added. On the subject of crop diversity, Dilllon said, “We are building walls in the air.” Although Punjab is focused on crop diversity, the overall concept must be achievable, he said, adding that Punjab does not have any resources and stakeholders are not ready to accept it.
“So we have to focus on paddy instead of wheat. Despite the support, sugar factories are in crisis and farmers are not receiving timely payments, and sugar cane water demand is higher than paddy, he added.