Hot, hot, hot, dry, dry. This is the second year in a row for La Nina, which means that this hot, dry weather will continue at least until early spring. Normally, we turn off the irrigation now, but unfortunately, not this year.
Here is the key: The hot, dry climate means we need to water more often than usual. Drought means little water. what to do? Switch to inline drop irrigation. In-line drop is basically long flexible tubes with emitters In The lines. Place it in a grid on each garden bed so that each bed is evenly moistened and watered to the roots. Irrigate and make the bed at least 3 inches thick to reduce evaporation. It is the perfect solution.
Even though the weather is dry, the sun is low in the sky, so the plants need much less water than at the end of the summer.
How often do you water? Run your irrigation system one zone at a time. When each zone ends. Dip your finger into the soil as much as possible. Is it wet to the bottom? If not, re-irrigate. Find out how long it takes for the water to reach its roots. This is how you determine the running time for each zone.
Is it often enough water or often? Do a “Canary Test” to find out how often you run each zone. When performing each zone, mark the date on your calendar. Then turn off the zone. Check your garden and check your calendar so that the first plant has sprouted leaves (this is a canary). Run the water less than the time it took for the first plant to sink. Use this information to determine how long each irrigation zone will operate. Do not expect everyone to be the same. So, if the first plant takes 12 days to fall, run that zone every 11 days. If it falls after three weeks, run the zone every 20 days. Where the first plant falls a week later, run that zone every six days, and so on.
Make sure you do your irrigation the day before Santa Ana. Satisfying the soil protects the plants from drying out.
If you still use topsoil, now is the time to turn it into an online drop. In-line irrigation – not the type of dripping at the end of narrow tubes with individual carriers – is the most efficient and effective irrigation.
During the rainy season, swamps full of leaves and debris flood, knocking down vegetation, so clean the pit right now. Boil the debris or spread it out in the garden.
If you still have water in your rain barrels from last month, use it now. Your plants need it because it is so dry now.
Instead of collecting water in rain barrels, dig up your garden soil with dips and water-based squids and let it soak into the surrounding soil. Drain your water for a long time now through the roots of your plants in the spring.
Do you have a site that is flooded every year on your property? Restart the contour, install a new drain, unload sand bags or do whatever is necessary to stop that flood.
Do not allow the water to accumulate in the pot, even if it is expensive.
Stay out of the soil for a few days during the rainy season. Wet soil is easily compacted, so instead of digging or weeding or planting, do things like re-plant, clean your equipment, and plan for spring.
Prepare for the cold
Expect the first snow of winter. We do not get heavy frosts but plants from the coast to the mountains are affected by frosts on a cold night.
If your garden is frozen or below freezing, look for plants that feel like cold Plumeria, bromeliads and some squash species, and move them under a dense canopy (if in a pot) or under a permanent green tree. Cover pots or pans with floating rows (not plastic). Use laundry detergent to keep the cover in place.
If a plant is damaged by frost; do not Cut out damaged parts – protect the rest of the plant from subsequent frosts. Leave them alone, especially in February or March until the end of the year.
This is the most important maintenance period for dried fruit trees – they lose their leaves during the winter: apples, pears, peaches, plums, plums, cherries and more.
Crisis between now and the end of January-
Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice. Leaves can be infected with fungi and other pathogens. Do not cook for them. Instead, pick them up, then throw them in the trash.
Cut down deciduous fruit trees, making sure you do not cut down fruit trees. Different fruit trees produce fruits on different parts of their branches. Apples, for example, grow short spikes on their branches. These fruits make flowers and fruits. Pomegranate and figs at the tips of the branches. Plut fruit with branch length. Know the fruit of the tree before you cut it.
My favorite guide to pruning is “How to Cut Fruit Trees” by R. Sanford Martin. It’s classic!
After pruning, spray fruit trees to kill overgrown pests and diseases. Spray once, wait two weeks, spray again, wait two weeks and spray for a third time.
- Sprinkle mineral-based vegetable oil on apple and pear trees.
- To kill the fungus responsible for the dreaded peanut leaf rot, spray stone fruits (coke, nectarin, plum, etc.) with liquid copper, alternating it with mineral-based vegetable oil, to suppress scales, white flies, middles, and other small pests. The shell.
Wear all branches and trunks from end to end each time they are sprayed. The better the cover, the more protected your trees.
Winter is the time to cut down ornamental trees and shrubs. Hire a certified arbitrator who removes weak or dead branches, verifies boring invasions, structural integrity, and so on. If you do not have a favorite archive, find it at treearegood.org.
Once you have done the cutting, first draw your cutting tools so you can make clean, healthy cuts that do not cut the wood.
Clean work. To prevent the spread of disease and pests from one plant to another, clean the scythe, saw blade, and other cutting tools before and after planting. I use indoor insect repellent.
First, cut down the dry branches, weak wood, and branches. Then trim it to shape.
Make pieces in the right place. Follow each branch to the place where it will be attached to the trunk or to the next larger branch. Notice the swelling under the branch? That is called the neck of the branch. When cutting, cut to the neck of the branch, leaving no lumber.
Deceiving the perfect tree. If the tree is too tall, replace it with one (or two or three) that does not grow much.
Trim, then spray the roses, but not too much. There is no reason to cut shrubs to bare. Lots of branches, lots of flowers, so your rose bushes will grow big.
Each time you finish cutting, spray your tool again, dry it, and lubricate it with mineral oil before storing it.
Care for plants
It’s time for poinsettia! Remove fancy foil as soon as you arrive at Pointsetia. Make sure the pot has drain holes. If not, take the plant to a new pot with a drain. Place it in a brightly lit room away from the hot air vent and cold window. But not enough water to keep the soil moist. Do not fertilize after the holidays.
Control packaged plants. Feel the clay soil every few days and drink water before the soil dries out too much. Moisture dryer helps keep indoor air moisture and plants dry out.
Control the bad little black flies. These fungal mosquitoes are attracted to wet organic matter in clay soils. 1) If you water (your plants will be fine) and 2) make clay soils with small pebbles ½ to 1 inches thick, underwater, even marble. Flies create barriers that cannot be penetrated.
Planted natives are ready for the next summer heat and drought.
Fragrant indigenous shrubs and tall plants can delight your garden: Cleveland Wise (Salvia Clevelandy) And the California Wise Brush (Artemia California) Is a classic fragrance of the Southern California Chapal. Hummingbird Wise (Salvia spathacea) And the fragrant Pitcher Wise (Leprosy fragrances) They both have sweet fruity aromas, each unique.
Try some amazing fragrant floral nests in California CaliforniaCeanothus sp) Have sweet flowers, and the orange flower has a humorous orange scent (Philadelphia lewisii) It can fill your entire garden. If you like the smell of wine foam, plant wool blue curves (Trichostema Let me publish).
Every garden needs drought-tolerant trees – as much as possible. Strawberry tree Arbusus ‘Marina’ has a beautiful shredded mahogany bark with bright green leaves and pink flowers in the spring.. Gold Medal Tree (Cassia Leptophila) It is a narrow, medium-sized tree with bright yellow flowers and turns into tall and attractive green beans. Ticket Cypress (Hesperocyparis forbesii) A native of Southern California, it is rarely found locally but easily found in kindergarten. It is the farthest and best choice from Italian Cypress.
Plant California native papaya seeds for spring flowers (Eschscholzia California), Beautiful Clarkia (Clarkia unguiculata) Baby Blue Eyes (Nemophilus Menzisi), California Gold PlainsLastenia California) And common hygiene tips (Laya Platiglosa)
Now plant sweet pea seeds to germinate in the spring. Renee’s Garden Seed, reneesgarden.com, focuses on these fragrant beauties. Check out their website for a wide range of races.
This year, sweet aloe vera performed beautifully. It is one of my favorites. Alo rubraviolaceae, Low-growing pink type Alo Whose tea leaves are the edges of a soft rose. Each rosette has a single, tall candelabra with a strong, poke-like flower that blooms reddish-orange.
Mangav is now all the rage. These grow easily Agav / Manfreda Crosses produce sweet roses of small to medium size. The knives are very green or blue-green, some have yellow chains. Each species has unique burgundy or brown dots and imaginary names such as ‘Mission to Mars’, ‘Bad Hair Day’, ‘Cherry Chocolate Chip’, ‘Bloodspot’ and others. Grow them in the ground or in a pot, in well-drained soil and in the sun.
Visit your favorite nursery site for next month’s barberry fruit and shrubs to harvest blueberries, peaches, apples, nectar, pears, apricots and more.
Before planting pot or raised beds, add compost to restore soil level. Drop wormwood and spray in vegetable fertilizer. No need to dig in – that happens naturally.
Winter root vegetables (not plants) Plant now: beets, turnip, radishes, carrots, rhubarb, parsley.
Green and cabbage Family plants from seed or seedlings: kohlrabi, cabbage, spinach, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, rapin, broccoli and more.
Plant from annual seed pods, dew and celandro. These annual plants are best grown in vegetable gardens.
Plant durable oregano, thyme, margarine, sage and rosemary in a 4-inch or 1-gallon pot. Since all water art is native to the Mediterranean, plant them in ornamental garden beds.
To harvest greens – including lettuce, cabbage, spinach, bok choy and tasson – cut as much as you want and keep the plants growing. Collect plants in the same way.
How thick is your garden? Adjust at least 3 inches on each garden bed. Make sure they are irrigation lines Under The abyss, not the top.
Full sugar with stone or gravel. With old wood chips or less than an inch of fresh wood chips. Large fresh wood chips killer can bring boring to your garden. Older wood chips do not cause problems.
Sternman is a graphic designer and author and host of A Growing Passion on KPBS TV. More information is available at agrowingpassion.com and waterwisegardener.com.