Enjoy the winter landscape

The beauty of the landscape around us is constantly evolving. The fallen leaves show beautiful tree trunks and clever branches.

Vegetation gives shape and structure to the garden. Red or yellow fruits attract our eyes. The dried flower heads give the seeds to the birds.

Enjoying the winter landscape is as easy as looking out the window. We do not have to grow everything on our own but some plants can be included in your garden.

A tree with beautiful, bright, brown, and orange bark is an Acer griseum.

This slow-growing plant grows to 15 to 25 feet[15 to 25 m]in height and grows to 20 to 30 feet[20 m]in height. The shape of the tree is almost a circular pattern of straight branches. During its growing season, the leaves contain 3 leaflets compared to other single and simple leaf maps.

In autumn, the leaves turn reddish-brown. It needs well-drained soil and grows in the sun. This tree can be hard to find. At home, first, and if necessary, switch to a mail order or internet.

The most common plant with beautiful bark on the trunk is Herula birch (Betula nigra Heritage). The color of the tree is defined as salmon-brown.

The small, young branches are relaxed, crying. In autumn the leaves are dark green and yellow in autumn.

The plant can grow up to 40 to 50 feet in height and spread like an apple. It begins as an open tree and is usually taller than a young tree. Both single-stem and multi-stem specimens are available. The plant prefers to grow in moist soil, but tolerates compacted soils.

A common winter berry with red berries, from small trees to shrubs, is the ilix verticillata. This plant is a dry holly covered with bright red fruits that will last until the birds eat it. Shrubs that grow slowly and mediumly can reach 6 to 8 feet in height and width.

It prefers well-drained soils, but grows where the soil is moist. Male flowers and female flowers are produced on different plants.

To get berries, you need one male plant out of many female plants. There are many good winterberry varieties that can be selected for plant size, fruit size, fruit color, or fall foliage.

For example, Red Sprite is a species of large berry that grows 3 to 5 feet tall. He needs “Jim Dundee” like pollen.

Another bush with berry fruits is the Callicarpa bodinieri “Profusion”. The 4- to 6-foot-tall shrub has beautiful violet-purple fruits, making it the best show in September and October.

Berries are about 1/8 inch in diameter and are produced in small groups along with the stem. During the summer, it produces lavender colored flowers hidden under the leaves.

The plant grows up to 6 feet tall and spreads 4 to 6 feet wide. It grows completely in the sun. Berries are grown on fresh wood.

Arnold Promise witchhazel, Hamamelis X intermedia ‘Arnold Promise’, blooms in February. This shrub grows to 15 to 20 feet[15 to 20 m]in height and can grow up to 15 feet[3 m]in height.

Arnold Hope is one of the best yellow flower witches. The small yellow flowers have curved, narrow petals. It seems hard to believe your eyes when this plant blooms in February. The color of spring leaves is reddish-purple.

The Calamagrostis x acutiflora (Carl Foster) of Fourster feathers is about a quarter to one and a half inches long, forming a pile of 2 to 3 feet tall. The flowering thorns emerge from May to the end of June and reach a distance of 3 to 4 feet from the leaf. When the flowers come out and the golden color dries, they are green with reddish-bronze tones.

Fourser reed grass prefers moist and rich soils but tolerates heavy soils. It withstands heat if there is a lot of moisture. A sunny spot is best for this grass. Movement and sound are added to the garden, and the wind blows through the flower buds in the fall and winter. In the spring, before new growth occurs, reduce the height by 2 to 4 cm.

During the winter, my mother and I enjoy the Italian Arum Italum. The leaf appears in late spring and stays around us until winter. It is unusual to see green arrow-like leaves in the garden at this time.

In the spring, a flower-like Jack-in-Pulpit blooms. In the summer, when the plant puts red seeds on the flower, the leaf dies.

In autumn the leaves emerge and the cycle is repeated. The Italian arum prefers to grow in shady and partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. It grows to 12 to 20 inches in height, including the stem.

Contact the Davis County Cooperative Extension Service Office at 270-685-8480 or annette.heisdorffer@uky.edu for more information on winter landscaping needs.

Annette Tip

When enjoying the branches of trees, notice the shape of the plants. Maples and ashes often have a broad, rounded crown. The oak, with its many strong and courageous branches, may have a straight cover. The snow on the branches enhances the shape and appearance of the plants.

For more information on native trees in Kentucky, visit https://www.uky.edu/hort/Kentuky-trees or contact the Daviess County Cooperative Service Office. Enjoy the building and its exciting features to discover something new in the landscape to drive off the winter blues no matter what the tree.

Annette Meyer Heisdorfer, PhD, Horticultural Extension Agent with Davis County Extension Bureau. She can be reached by calling 270-685-8480.

Annette Meyer Heisdorfer, PhD, Horticultural Extension Agent with Davis County Extension Bureau. She can be reached by calling 270-685-8480.

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