Do you know what you get when you throw two peas? Black-eyed peas.
Even if plants can’t fight, there is a lot of stress from insects and diseases around the yard and in the garden. In this hot and dry year, the insects are completely gone. Diseases are more common during years of high humidity.
When bugs chew holes in leaves, and sparks threaten to take our plants down, most of us need medicine. Standing in the hallway in the garden or at a hardware store can be confusing, as most shelves are full of many products. Which to choose?
Fortunately, if we know a few products, most of them can be used to treat pests and diseases. Having multiple products in hand makes early treatment easier.
The following are some of the products that control most garden and garden plants and diseases.
- Most diseases around the yard and garden are caused by fungi. It is the most common active ingredient in antifungal drugs Chlorotalone, Can be found in fine print on labels. Many of the products listed for the control of vegetables, flowers, and fruits contain the substance, and some mix it with pesticides and spray it as rose petals or fruit trees.
- Copper, One of the oldest fungicides, is often used where organic matter is needed.
- It is important to note that fungicides are very effective as a preventative, and any of these products should be applied early to prevent the spread of the disease to healthy leaves. Always read and follow account instructions.
Cavities caused by cabbage worms can be protected by pesticides. David Samson / The Forum
- Pyrethrin: One of the first insects is a chrysanthemum. Although it hits fast insects, pyrethrin breaks down quickly, leaving little or no control. It is one of the most common organic insects.
- Permethrin Sold by eight brands, this synthetic pesticide is composed of a chemical structure similar to pyrethrin, but has a longer shelf life. It is especially useful for orchards because it controls most major pests and has a short time between application and safe harvest.
- Carbilil: Although new types of sesame seeds contain synthetic pyrite, this is an active ingredient in some products such as sesame seeds. It is effective against many garden and garden insects.
- Malathion: First introduced in the 1950s, it controls a wide range of insects on a wide variety of plants. It is important to rotate the berry and fruit crops because the time difference between the application and the safe harvest is only one to three days depending on the crop.
- Spinosad: A relatively new pesticide that is very successful in controlling many insects. It is derived from the bacteria found in the soil near the abandoned Roman factory and has been cleaned for many organic uses. It is a good choice for berry and fruit crops because of the short difference between application and safe harvest.
- Bacillus touring; BT, BT, these bactericidal pesticides are an effective organic way to control caterpillars such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. Caterpillars should be applied at a young age as they have little effect on large insects.
- Pesticide soap, neem oil, vegetable oil – Relatively safe for healthy insects, these products can control soft body pests such as aphids, bedbugs, ticks, white flies, termites and scales. Because these products work when insects come in contact, effective application should cover both the upper and lower leaf surfaces and stems. Frequent applications are often necessary.
- When using any of the pesticides listed above, always read and follow the label instructions to determine the type of insect that is controlled and the appropriate dose and method of application.
Lifelong gardener Don Kinzler is a horticulturalist with North Dakota State University Extension in Cass County. Readers can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.