Gardening: Prepare your landscape for the winter

Fall is a transition period and includes your garden. Enjoy the beautiful fall days to enjoy your gardens and prepare your landscape for the coming winter.

Improve spring foliage on your landscape Improve your soil, reduce maintenance and create winter shelters for frogs, frogs and beneficial insects. Harvest on the leaves that fall on the grass cover. It may take a couple of passes but once the spring leaves are a quarter old, they can be left on the grass to add organic matter and nutrients to the soil.

Or add a mower, bag and chopped leaves to an annual flower or vegetable garden. Dig several inches of cut leaves into 8 to 12 inches of garden soil. The leaves rot during the winter, adding organic matter to the soil. Still more leaves; Add them to the compost heap. Combining this carbon-rich plant debris with plant-based kitchen waste, manure and worm extracts with greens makes it a big mess.

Use the leaves as a mulch on the soil around the base of the permanent plants. They destroy weeds, conserve moisture, protect roots and add organic matter to the soil when it decomposes. The leaves also provide protection against winter insects and insects, frogs and frogs in leaf litter or underground.

Healthy permanent plants stand for winter. During the winter, they increase the demand for winter, provide shelter for many beneficial insects, and provide food for the birds of Rudbeckia, Cone Flower, Latis, and others. These winged visitors are welcome to add color and movement, often on gray winter days.

Take time to remove dead, damaged and diseased trunks and branches. Clean your device between cuts to reduce the risk of disease spreading to healthy plants. Clean your equipment with a disinfectant or 70% alcohol to control pathogens without damaging your device.

Renew clearing around trees and shrubs. Maintaining a three-inch layer helps to retain moisture, protects the roots from extreme heat, reduces competition for grass and water and nutrients, and improves soil fertility. Remove the sprout from the trunk of trees and shrubs. Stacking on them can lead to decay, decay and early death of plants.

Help your lawn recover from summer stress and prepare for the fall with fertilizer. University research has shown that autumn fertilizer is very useful for lawns. Fertilizer promotes deep roots and dense growth, which makes it better to compete with weeds and fight diseases and pests.

Always clear of weeds and chemicals to clear backyards and driveways and his yard. This simple action protects unwanted substances from waterways and ultimately our drinking water.

Add spring color by planting daffodils, vine hyacinths, tulips and other spring flowers this fall. It is also a good time to add trees, shrubs and perennials to the landscape. The soil is warm and the air is cool, which reduces the stress on plants to adapt to their new home. When the top few inches of soil are crumbly and wet, re-plant and water well. Continue watering new and existing plants as needed until the ground is frozen.

Once the garden is ready for winter, you can put plumbing and garden plants, break snowflakes, and wait until spring arrives.

Melinda Myers has written more than 20 books on gardening, including the Midwest Gardener’s Handbook and Small Space Gardening. She hosts the Milinda Paradise moment TV and radio program “How to Grow Anything” of the Great Courses. Myers is a columnist and contributor to Birds & Blooms magazine. Her website is

Leaving healthy perennials, such as coniferous flowers for the winter, provides food for birds, winter interest, and many other beneficial insects. (Photo contributed)

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