History, nature in the US. Gardens

The University’s Pavilion Gardens Natural and Artificial Beauty Concert has impressed visitors, students, faculty and staff for the past 70 years. Many, however, are unaware of the backyard, the history, and the construction of the surrounding buildings since its inception.

According to architect Professor Richard Wilson, the gardens were first painted by Thomas Jefferson, formerly known as Albermarle Academy. They were originally intended to be versatile – divided into two, one half probably for the public. The other half, which is very close to the pavilion itself, generally contains small plants and other plants for the small kitchen garden, as well as many small and perhaps wooden settlements for the slaves.

Today, instead of this first division between a functional garden and a regular garden, the gardens have been transformed into a series of outdoor spaces filled with a variety of plants, pedestrians and benches.

Many of the small structures that occupied gardens have been lost for years, and Wilson believes the university’s history is “the end of slavery,” because existing gardens do not expect anything that could be for a quarter. Individuals in slavery. During the construction and existence of the university between 1817 and 1865, an estimated 4,000 individuals worked on the campus, although it is not known how many gardens they cared for.

View of the University of Virginia – an art translation translated by Casimir Bon in 1856 – shows some of these structures and is one of the resources used to predict how the structures will be used.

“If you go back, it’s very clear over the years, you can see a lot of construction in the gardens,” Wilson said. “We don’t know how many structures there are.”

Historians know, however, that enslaved individuals often lived in the lower part of the lawn.

Over time, many of these structures have fallen into disrepair and, like many other gardens, have not been rebuilt. Although they used the ancient wave design to limit the use of bricks and to improve the structure of the bricks, the walls of the bricks themselves fell and had to be rebuilt in the 1950s. Wilson gave the example of trying to stand up to a piece of paper in the end to give the paper more strength to show this property.

A study commissioned by the University in 2018 revealed the dark history of these walls, which were built as a means of hiding the traumatic individuals who were working at the university.

A.D. Wilson notes that in the 1950’s, the gardens were “shaking.” To repair and replace them, the Virginia Garden Club took over the site and paid for the redevelopment of the gardens to open and accessible areas to the public. Although this design brought the landscape back to its natural state, it did not include any recognition of the enslaved individuals who cared for the gardens before their stay.

Today, the gardens are managed by a team of trained individuals – landscape architects Mary Hughes and Helen Wilson, supervisor Chris Kern and two gardeners, Tim Andrews and Roland von der Muhl, with nine additional staff. The team works with veterans and grassroots staff. The staff maintains Virginia garden plans that date back to the 1950s and 1960s, including the original trees and beds of tulip and boxwood.

The seemingly indistinguishable ash tree in the Pavilion IX garden – from 1845 to 1873 — named after the university’s chairman of moral philosophy and political economics, William McGuffay McGuffash Ash – was decimated and was destroyed in the 1980s. In order to preserve the tree’s heritage in the garden and to adhere to the original plans of the garden club, the staff sent a sample of the tree tissue to Cornell University Laboratory to test genetic cloning. Although this did not succeed, it was successfully planted in the late 90’s and, according to Hugh, is the first tree species.

Although not directly intended for the care and propagation of domestic species, the gardens are carefully monitored by a plant health professional working with an integrated pest management system. The site is now vacant following the retirement of former specialist Mike Henrietta a few months ago. By assigning one person to this post, facilities will ensure that chemical pesticides are used only as a last resort for pest control.

In addition, the University is a beehive campus certified by Bee City USA, initiated by the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. This is part of a concerted effort to address the problem of pollen pollution among universities, a key link in our food supply chain – and a reduction in pollination in urban areas due to environmental degradation and urbanization. .

Richard Hopkins, co-director of landscaping, said he hoped the gardens would soon be accessible.

“Because of the design of 70 years ago, the gardens are very stable in appearance,” says Hopkins. What is changing is making the garden more accessible to people with mobility problems. Gravel roads are gradually being replaced by wheelchairs suitable for wheelchairs [and] A permanent staircase has been installed in the Pavilion IX garden to make it accessible.

Hopkins notes that it is challenging to implement these changes due to grassland and vegetation ratings. Still, such changes are vital to showing gardening to all.

As a place of study, a place of relaxation or a place to meditate on history, gardens are a natural and historical place visited by the university community. For Wilson, one of the plants’ biggest appeal was the change in speed from grass.

Wilson said: “My favorite part of the gardens is the more unusual, with curved walks inside.

Hopkins claims that parks are indeed a hidden treasure.

“[Students often] I have not seen the sun change over the course of the year, or the sun change when the seasons change.

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