Horticultural 2021 Newspaper No. 33 – Rural Messenger

Blog post http://www.ksuhortnewsletter.org

Video of the week – Dividing daily flowers

Exciting events
This week’s K-State Garden Hour Webinar: A Garden with Insects
Wednesday, August 4; Noon – 1:00 pm CST
Presented by: Reno County Vegetable Extension Agent Pam Polson
Join this free garden webinar every first and third Wednesday of each month. Recordings are available online, and one-time subscriptions are required in the live webnair series. To register, view upcoming webinars, and view previous webinars, visit http://ksre-learn.com/KStateGardenHour

1. Remove fertilizer now to make it stronger before winter
2. Take pieces of geraniums and begonias for indoor winter. See https://kansashealthyyards.org/all-videos/video/cuttings-to-grow-inside-for-winter
3. Turn the compost heap and add water as it dries

Oak Les bug
We often attach fabric bed bugs to figs and cotton, but oak can also hurt. In fact, there are many different types of dance bugs that affect these three plants. Laser bugs are real bugs and therefore eat the juice through the straw-like parts of the mouth that pierce the leaf. These three species are similar in appearance because of the quality of the wings lying on their backs.

Latex bugs are found on the underside of the leaves, but the signs are visible above. The damage is seen as a result of swaying from white to yellow spots. From a distance oak leaves often look like bronze. Although they do not find live specimens, their presence is marked by small, shiny black spots on the underside of the leaves.
Laser bugs do not cause serious damage to the oak at the end of this season, and control measures are not recommended. (Ward Upham)

War worms that fell on the grass
We are seeing a lot of reports of fallen worms, especially in Southeast and South Central Kansas. Although we already have a pandemic, this is much earlier than usual.

Army worms invade the field or landscape as a large group and cause grass to turn brown.

Young worms They are 3 to 3/4 inches long. Mature They are 1 ½ inch long. Body color can vary from green to black, but there are light spots along the length of the body. Look for a white “Y” on the top of the black head. It usually takes 2 to 3 weeks to move from egg to papa. The adult is a moth.

Injury to an army worm may seem like a drought, but a recent survey of grasshoppers reveals the larvae. Look for active nutrition in the morning or evening hours or on cloudy days. Larvae feed on leaves and, as a result, dry quickly turn brown. Normally an army worm attack does not kill the established grass but if the population is large. A thick plague of autumn worms can damage grass crowns.
Acephate (Orthene, Acephate), spinosad (Conserve; Natural Guard Spinosad, Captain Jack’s Deadbug Brew; Monterey Garden Insect Spray) and other pesticides are effective caterpillar killers. Treat in the afternoon when the caterpillars begin to eat. Do not trim for 3 days after treatment. (Ward Upham)

For seed success, pay attention to the “other crop” on the seed label
The harvest season is near, so it’s time to talk about grass seeds. Many people think that all grass seeds are basically the same. Big mistake! Choosing quality seeds is one of the most important steps in successfully planting or caring for your lawn. If you do not know what you want, you may be introducing unwanted invaders to that new position. We are particularly affected by the contaminated seeds of vegetable and / or rough bluegrass (Poa trivialis or Poa triv for short). Both are annual weeds that cannot be controlled once they are in the grass.

Orchard Grass is a problem because it is growing faster and greener on our farms. This sprout is grass and therefore does not spread, but the small shrubs of this species are still not good because they are marked on the lawn.

Rough bluegrass is very rough and forms round plates in the lawn. The heat of summer quickly blends in until it turns brown. If rough bluegrass dies in the heat, it will only be a temporary problem. Unfortunately, he often falls asleep easily, and in the cold and rainy weather he turns green again.

Buying quality seeds begins with learning how to identify the seed. One of the most important factors is the percentage of “other crops” or “other crops.” “Other crops” refers to any kind of crop that is deliberately grown for a specific purpose. That includes grass (other than those you buy) and pasture.
Orchardgrass and rough bluegrass are both listed as “other crops.” Seed tags are required to show the percentage (weight) of the “other crop” in the bag, but if one species is 5% or more, the label should not list each species by name.

How many “other crops” are there? That is a difficult question to answer, but tolerance is very low. It is “another crop” based on truth and the promises of the ruler. In practice, “another crop” could refer to something relatively harmless, such as a small amount of yeast in a long Easter bag, or it could refer to something bad, such as a rough grain or a fruit field. Although there are some clues, it is not easy to know what the “other crop” really is. If something goes wrong, less than 1% can result in weeds that are difficult to control. . Obviously, if you have high expectations for your planting site, you want the “other crop” to be as close to zero as possible. Good quality seeds are usually 0.01% “other crop” or less.
Another line on the seed label is “weed seed”. It must also be 0.01% or less. (Ward Upham)


Are crabbars safe to eat?
Cranberries are good to eat as long as you do not eat too much. In fact, the only difference between the scattered and the apple is the size of the fruit. By definition, cracks have fruits that are 2 inches or less in diameter, and apples that are 2 inches in diameter. By this definition, most apples grow from rot. Fruitful apples are planted.

So have people planted a seedbed? Of course they did. Just think of Johnny Applepsed. But those apples were routinely served with jelly, apples, and cedar, and were not eaten fresh. Even in the days of Johnny Apples, sweet apples were planted.

There is another warning about using cracks in a tree on the ground. Make sure the tree is not sprayed with an unnamed pesticide for fruit trees. If so, then the fruit should not be used. (Ward Upham)

Dividing the flowers of the day
To maintain good flowering, daily flowers should be divided every three or four years. Although they can be divided in early spring before the growth begins, it is common to divide them in September. Many gardeners cut the ends in half to make them easier to grasp.

Sunflowers have a very strong root system that can make it difficult to divide. If it is not long after the previous division, the division will take place. In such cases, a dripping fork can be used to free up fans. If the plants are in place and grow together, it will be more practical to divide them after the whole mound has been dug.

Use Spide to lift the entire mound out of the ground. Although it is possible to cut the bark with a sharp spatula, you can save two roots by pulling back two sliding forks to divide the basket into sections. Each section should be the size of a flower head. The simplest method is to wash the soil from the well using a stream of tap water, and then turn the mound back and forth until the individual separates.

Split spaces vary from 24 to 30 inches, and place each one in the first depth. The number of flowers decreases in the first year after division, but the plants return to normal until they need to be replanted. (Ward Upham)

Spring flowering shrubs
From August to September, our spring flowering shrubs bloom. Therefore, as needed, watering can be done at this time of flowering next spring. Also, avoid cutting during this time of year, as it may reduce flowering next spring.

Examples of spring-flowered shrubs include Forscia, Flower Queens, Almond, Beautybush, Deutzia, Pyracantha, Lilac, Mock Orange, Cotoneaster, Weigela, Viburnum and Witchhazel. (Ward Upham)

Reinforcement -what to add
For quick fertilizer, alternate layers of “green” and “brown”. Greens are high in nitrogen-rich materials compared to carbon. Browns have less nitrogen than carbon. It produces the “correct” amounts of carbon and nitrogen to provide the two microorganisms needed for rapid fertilization.

The most common greens are fresh grass clippings, coffee grounds, small weeds, pieces of fruit and vegetables, cuttings and animal manure. The browns include cut leaves, wood, wood chips, straw, straw, dried grass clippings, and small branches. These materials can initially be mixed or stacked together. Alternate layers of brown material (6 to 8 inches deep) with green material (2 to 3 inches thick) until they reach a height of 3 to 5 feet. If there is a shortage of greenery, add 1 to 2 cups per square meter of commercial vegetable fertilizer instead of the green material layer. (Ward Upham)

Contributors – Ward Upham, Extension Assistant

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