How peas grow

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The phrase “eat your peas” seems familiar. But the only thing that comes to mind is moose, if it is canned, be prepared to change. Fresh peas from the vine do not taste good with their relatives. They are tasty, crisp, and in some cases sweet as candy.

The good news is that peas are surprisingly easy to grow and produce good results in cold weather, so they are usually sown during the off-season when other vegetables are fading or unable to start. This pea brewing guide will allow you to put the peas in a bowl again.

Growing peas at a glance

Common name: Peas, peas, snap peas, sugar peas, peas
Scientific name: Pisum sativum
Strength zone: 2 to 11
Soil: Rich, fast-moist soil, pH 6 to 7.5
Light: Full sun
Water: Normal, even
Food: From small to none.
MultiplicationSow directly in the soil
Safety: Edible, non-toxic

Pea properties

Peas are a popular vine that is easy to grow in any weather. Their vines range in length from 2 feet to several feet. Unlike other vegetables, the plants can withstand a little cold and fog, so peas are a good addition to the crop and fall garden.

There are two main types of peas: shell peas and edible pods. Shelling peas are often called vegetable peas, and growers are required to open a pod to collect peas and then drop the shell. Edible: Pods include snap peas and ice (or sugar) peas. Snow peas are flatter than peas. It eats whole peas, including the shell.

“Is Peas a Vegetable?” If you are wondering. The answer is yes and no. Although fresh and chilled peas are considered starchy vegetables, peas are legumes. No matter what you say, almost all peas are edible, including sprouts, leaves, flowers, and pellets.

How peas grow

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Recommended pea varieties

  • Sugar SnapperEdible grains with a sweet taste; Eat immediately from the wine
  • Little SnapPea Crunch: Small, finely chopped snap peas for containers
  • Snowman: Very early, cold-resistant, dwarf peas
  • Mamoz melted sugar: Large edible, sweet peas
  • Lillian container loadVery tasty, high yielding peas
  • Sugar Magnolia: Shell peas with pink pods and bright green peas
  • LincolnHigh-yield shell peas, heat-resistant
  • Little Marvel PeasStrong, compressed, high yielding peas

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Planting peas

It is best to sow peas directly in the ground. Starting peas indoors is usually not worth the effort because peas are the first crop to be harvested in cold weather and often because they are unkind to their roots. When planting peas, the most important thing is to provide some support, such as a trellis. Trailis can be as simple as a garden string made between two pins. Even forest species need some trellis support.

When is the best time to plant peas?

When you plant peas depends on your weather. Peas do not like temperatures above 85 degrees, so it is considered a cold season crop. In areas with cold winters, peas may be a crop sown in early spring, just as the soil may be cultivated. For fall crops, plant up to 12 weeks before the first expected frost day.

Plant at any time from autumn to early spring in mild winter weather; However, if springs live in hot climates (above 85 degrees), avoid planting too late. Most peas take 60 to 70 days to ripen.

How peas grow

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Where can peas grow?

Choose a place with full sun and good ventilation in your garden. While gardening is growing, take care of the plants that need support, but be careful not to plant them on a fence that does not allow air circulation. Inadequate blood circulation leads to powdery mildew.

As long as there is adequate drainage, gardeners can withstand a variety of soils. Enrich the soil with fertilizer to create a nutrient-dense vegetable mixture. You can grow a garden by planting tall, sown peas and microgreens in the shade, unlike garden lettuce.

How to grow peas?

Most pea seedlings grow in 1 to 2 weeks, so it is important to plant peas.

  1. Plant seeds at the bottom of the trellis. The maximum amount depends on the type of pea you choose.
  2. Dig a narrow, shallow trench about 1½ inch deep.
  3. Plant the seeds 6 to 7 inches apart, unless otherwise noted.
  4. Press the seeds into the hole and cover them with 1 inch of soil.
  5. Gently touch the ground to strengthen the seeds.
  6. Water carefully to avoid flooding and to prevent the seeds from spreading.
  7. Moisten the soil evenly.
  8. Once the pea seedlings have grown several inches, they can be pruned around the base of the plant to retain moisture.

Can you grow peas in containers?

In general, peas do not store deep roots. The plants, especially wild or wild species, are not very tall. For these reasons it is possible to grow successfully in a container. The biggest challenge is to keep the soil rich in nutrients and well drained. Some trails or supports need to be added so that the peas do not grow easily on the side but grow on the side. It is advisable to keep the tray in place before the peas begin to grow.

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How peas grow

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Watering peas

Avoid Excessive Watering – Peas at the base of the plant, moisten the soil evenly. Watering in the morning prevents germination during the day and allows the plants to dry before the cold evenings, which helps to prevent powdery weeds. Be careful not to overcook thin pea seedlings.

Fertilizer peas

If peas are planted in a fertilizer-rich vegetable mixture, no fertilizer is needed during the growing season. If the soil is deficient in nutrients, after 6 weeks fertilize the peas with water-soluble fertilizer (10-10-10) and apply it directly to the soil after washing in the morning.

Some farmers prefer to inoculate peas Rhizobium, Bacteria that regulate the release of nitrogen from the air and store it in the roots make it a healthier, more powerful plant. Look for pea vaccination in any garden center or kindergarten. Before sowing, spray the small amount of vaccine directly into the seed packet and shake. Many species are already vaccinated and are said to be in general. Peas germinate and grow without vaccination.

Safety Assessment

Almost all parts of the pea plant Pisum sativumThey are edible and do not pose a threat to animals or humans. It should be noted, however, that sweet pea plants,. Latis OdoratusThey grow poisonous to humans, dogs, cats and horses. Sweet pea seeds are toxic. To make matters worse, there are so-called sweet peas. Latis Satios, Eatable but should be avoided in large quantities.

How peas grow

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Possible pests and diseases

Pea seedlings are prone to mildew and snails. Since peas can be grown in the colder months, this is usually a big problem in early spring or autumn weather. Although aphids are usually not straw, they can cause damage to plants and spread disease.

Flour mold is a common problem in the garden, and pea plants are no different. If caught early, damaged leaves can be removed to prevent them from spreading. If it has already spread, wait for the peas to ripen, collect the peas, and then remove the plants or immediately remove the infected plants to prevent them from spreading. There are fungal fungi, but it is difficult to spray the plants without covering the edible grains, and it is generally not good.

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Pea collection

Knowing how to grow peas is a good start, but it is important to understand how to harvest and store them. Harvesting any pea requires the same steps; However, the type of peas you sow indicates the readiness of the pea harvest and how to store the peas.

When is the best time to harvest peas?

Peas germinate in 60 to 70 days, although the exact ripening time depends on the variety. This is listed on the back of your seed packet. Most pea plants begin to produce grains in 8 to 10 weeks. The bud first appears at the base of the plant. Collect these immediately to encourage further growth and pod production. Look for thick but weak pellets. If the peas are overcooked, they become starch and the shells become hard.

How peas grow

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How do you harvest peas?

It requires the same steps as any other pea harvest. However, the peas you sow indicate the readiness to harvest.

Snow peas are best still flat, with only peas inside. Sugar Snapper pods are very sweet when they look dense and shiny, usually the bushes are 2 to 3 inches long, but the length varies according to the actual type. Garden peas are very large but not fully developed. Look for pellets that are full but not broken or ready to disperse. They are somewhat cylindrical and still bright green.

  1. Look for peas in high readiness. Peas produce many grains, and after selecting a few, it does not take long to learn the right grade for the harvest.
  2. Collect peas at any time of the day, but it is best in the morning when they are very fat.
  3. All types of peas are soft, so be careful when harvesting. Hold the vines with one hand and gently twist the pods with one hand, or use scissors or scissors to remove the pieces so they do not break.
  4. Peas are best eaten immediately.
  5. Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice.
  6. Some peas and snap peas have fiber cords on the edge of the pod that must be removed before eating. If you plan to store your peas, wait to avoid this.

How to store peas?

If you store peas, put the peas in a shell and then soak them in cold water to cool. Some gardeners pour peas directly into a bowl of cold water. After cooling, allow them to drain out of the water and place them in a bag or container in the refrigerator. They should be kept in the refrigerator for about a week.

You can also cool the peas in the same way by letting them dry completely before cooling. Do not refrigerate whole peas; Always touch them first.

Peas and peas should be refrigerated immediately after selection. Put them in cold water, allow them to dry, and store in the refrigerator for about a week. Both have fiberglass straps on the edge of the pod that should be removed before eating, but leave them untouched until ready to eat. Once the dragons have cooled and allowed to dry, you can cool the ice and boil the peas in the same way as the garden.

Allow the dried peas to dry completely on the wine, especially if stored at the end of the harvest season. Brown starts and sounds like a scream. Once the sprouts appear dry, pull the whole plant up and hang it to dry. Once the rest of the plant is dry, remove the eggs, pack the peas in, and store for next year to plant.

How peas grow

Photo: istockphoto.com

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