It is important to know exactly how to cut your grapes in order to maintain the health of your plants and get the best out of your grapes.
Wines are long-lived plants and enjoy warm, sunny places in a greenhouse or on a fence or wall in the garden. This makes them a great addition to any backyard, and you can enjoy the fast-growing vines, their beautiful flowers and their fruit.
As part of your gardening plan for eating or making wine, you will need regular pruning and training to control the vines, which grow indoors when you are planning a greenhouse, or with a wall outside the house.
In addition, the grapes bear fruit at the current stage of development, so it is important to know exactly how to cut if you want a plentiful harvest.
How to cut wine
Grapes need to be pruned to produce the best wine.
‘Circumcision is one of the most important practices in the vineyard. The main pruning is during the winter months, when the vines are asleep, and it sets the tone for the new growth season, said Jennifer Putnam, CEO and CEO of Napa Valley Grape Growers in Napa Valley, California.
If you are growing other fruits, some should be cut in the winter, so take some time to care for them together – for example, if you are cutting down lemon trees.
“Circumcision growers can strike a balance between plant and fruit production, which contributes to the productivity, maturity and quality of wine,” Jennifer added.
The method of pruning largely depends on the grape training system you have received – or in other words, the shape you want your trellis ideas to develop around.
‘Training systems should be chosen to suit a variety of wines,’ said Gillian Degolyer, owner of Double A Vinyads.
‘American-born vines (especially) have large leaves and tendency to fall, so advanced wire training techniques such as the Hudson River umbrella or other advanced wire systems are generally used for them.’
Cutting the grapes every year
The key to knowing how to cut grapes is to follow the right method for each growing year.
Cut a year
‘The main purpose of the grape harvest year was to develop a healthy root system,’ says Gillian Degoller.
The idea is to reduce the number of buds on the vine, adding that ‘at least one sapling can be selected for growth next year.’
The grapes can be supported by bamboo at this stage, and it is important to stay on the weeds.
How to Cut Vine in the Second Year ‘Start growing with the required training,’ says Jillian. “Vines should be pruned with a single stem that produces six to 12 healthy shoots.”
Within two years, shoot growth should begin to fill the trellis space allocated to the vine. Any fruit that grows in the flower or fruit cluster should be discarded, as any fruit that is left to ripen this year ‘will be compared to the vine that needs to be cultivated’.
The desired shape of the vine should reach the third growing season and you should harvest at least part of it.
The purpose of cutting your ripe grapes is to adjust the crop size and ‘focus on the fruit,’ says Jeffrey Wheeler, a wine supplier from Novavin.
It is much easier to harvest the crop when the seeds are placed close together but not close to each other, ”he added.
How to cut ripe grapes
To ‘prune a mature vine,’ cut off the old stems and cut the old twigs into two or three twigs. Sugar is a cane that has been cut to a few inches and is only two or three inches long.
Only fast-growing and fast-growing fruits can be as strong as grapes.
When should vines be pruned?
Finally, the vines should be pruned while they are asleep. That is, when there is no umbilical cord on them for at least a month.
‘The best time to harvest grapes is from late fall to early spring,’ says Jeffrey Wheeler.
Early spring is the time when the vines begin to wake up and their metabolism is growing. This is important because circumcision can heal wounds faster, which helps prevent cancers such as eutypa. He added that pruning should be done before pruning.
However, the best time to get circumcised may vary depending on the weather in which you live.
If you live in a very cold climate, there may be other reasons for cutting and cutting the practice. Always look for local specialists or nurseries to help you with your cut, ”advises Wes Hague.
How much wine do you cut back?
When thinking about how to cut the grapes, you should pick last year’s sticks and cut them into three pieces at each speed.
According to Jillian Degolyer, research has shown that ‘very few shrubs will be cut down unnecessarily and vine growth will be overgrown with fruits and vegetables.’
Fortunately, it is very difficult for a homeowner to make a big mistake. ‘Unless you cut down the vine from the roots, you will not kill the vine or keep it from bearing fruit,’ Weiss Hegen affirmed.
How to care for vines?
In addition to the growing stems that make up the vine structure, you will need to prune the grapes in late spring to produce a lot of new growth.
Reduce the clusters on the side shoots by half.
You may need to reduce the number of grapes by removing small grapes in order to allow good air circulation during the summer and to allow large, healthy grapes to grow.