Even if he doesn’t hear it, now is the time to start thinking about your fall garden.
Many vegetables in the brazika family – broccoli, cabbage, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, coriander, mustard and turnips – fall when they grow.
These vegetables are easy to grow and very nutritious, high in vitamin C, potassium, beta carotene and fiber.
In addition to vegetables in the brassica family, tomatoes, peppers, okra, and eggplant may continue to grow in the fall before the temperature drops too low.
Arsenic, carrots, and spinach can also be harvested in autumn and winter.
With so many options, it’s time to get busy – and get involved in planting.
Vegetables are heavy feeders, so apply the full amount of fertilizer 13-13-13 as recommended on the label before planting. Additional side effects of ammonium or calcium nitrate provide sufficient nitrogen to increase productivity. Side dressing broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower within three to four weeks of planting, and side dressing within three to four weeks of planting. Wear two centimeters on one side of the stem and make sure the plants are watered with fertilizer to prevent them from burning.
Broccoli can be planted from November to December, from September to October, and from January to February. In five to six weeks, you can start planting seeds that are ready to be planted in the ground or in garden beds. 9 to 12 inches for small broccoli heads and 16 to 18 inches for large heads. Some recommended species are Pachman, Diplomat, and Dictator. You can also try the ribo, also known as a robo or rapin, which tastes like broccoli and has a nutritious taste.
Cauliflower can be planted in September and October, in November and December. You can also plant in January and February for harvest from March to May. Plant seeds now to produce transplants in five to six weeks. Space plants vary from 3 to 4 pounds heads or from 5 to 7 pounds heads to 16 to 18 inches. LSU AgCenter Vegetable Specialist Kiki Fontonot identifies varieties such as Snow Crown, Cumberland, Candidate, and Color.
Cabbage should be planted between September and early March, but skip December and January. Heads can be collected from November to April. 3 to 4 pounds heads 10 to 12 inches and 5 to 7 pounds heads 16 to 18 inches. Cabbage heads should be as strong as a soft ball when harvested. Some recommended varieties are Blue Vantage, Bravo, Rio Verde and Salad Desta (red). Copenhagen, flat Dutch and early season are ideal for small home gardens.
Carrots can be planted from November to March for harvest in late August to early October, and can be replanted from January to May for harvest from January to February. You can cut carrots 1 to 2 inches straight between the ground and the plants. Loosen the soil and spray the seeds on it, lubricate the seeds and water them. Some recommended species are purple hazel (purple), Danver 126 (open contaminated), apach and choctaw (both hybrids).
If you are a gardener for the first time and are afraid to dive properly, Fontonot recommends experimenting with greens. These are the easiest vegetables to grow, and you can get a lot of harvest from one plant.
Plant them quickly from September to February, from September to November, and again from January to early May, from spring to early summer. Live seed and location 3 to 6 inches apart. Recommended mustard varieties are tender (heat-resistant) and golden fries. Try red strawberries for the greens, Royal Crown, Tokyo and Scale Queen. If you prefer cola, go to Georgia’s southern, champion and high-end varieties.
Garlic can also be sown from May to June for harvest from September to October. Garlic takes nine months in the garden. When you see leaves that start to turn yellow and fall off, you can slowly harvest them with a vegetable fork. Store in a dry place for five to seven days. Be sure to place garlic cloves 2 to 3 inches deep along the base. Some recommended varieties are ivory, creole and Italian garlic.
Spinach can be planted from November to April, harvesting from October to early December. Wash seeds one night for better germination before planting 1 to 2 inches. Some recommended species are Melodi, Bale, and Tigratat. You can get from one plant to three harvests per season.
The following spring can be harvested from late October to mid-November. It takes 12 weeks from seed to transplant, so your best choice is to get transplants at the local nursery. When the sprouts are 3 to 4 inches in diameter and the covers are tight, keep 3 to 4 inches apart.
Irish potatoes can be planted using small whole potatoes. Do not use seed pods as they are more susceptible to heat and humidity, which promotes fungal infections.