Major gardeners – invasive, native, natural, suitable, unique plants – what is the difference? – Orange leader

as if Sherry Betard

Orange County Master Gardeners and

Greg Grant

Smith County Agrippa Vegetable Extension Agent

What are the different words used to describe plants?

Native plants Those plants are still being developed here and the first humans were found growing on our soil 10,000 years ago. Our native bees, butterflies, and birds are literally made from these plants. They are more in tune with our local rainfall and soil conditions. Indigenous plants are not considered invasive plants, no matter how strong they are.

The word native has very little meaning for a plant. Maps are made by people, and plants cannot read or know where the state and county boundaries are. They only know soil, pH, drainage, rain, light, heat, etc. For example, the Asimama sand and Alabama red clay plants are more suitable for East Texas than Hill Country, Panhandle or West Texas. Some of the native plants for SE Texas are the Turkish Cup, the American Beauty Berry, the Rock Rose, the Esperanza and the Flame Acantes.

Invading foreign plants They are non-native and can be propagated on many sites, growing rapidly and disrupting plant communities or ecosystems. Note: From Presidential Executive Order 13112 (February 1999) – “Invading Species 1) Non-native (or alien) to the intended ecosystem and 2) their economic or potential entry. Or damage to the environment or human health. Examples of Real Invading Plants Annual Grass, Bermudagras, Chinese Private, Crimson Clover, Chinese Talou, and Japanese Honey

Non-native A plant that, with human help (intentionally or accidentally) introduced it to a new place or type of habitat that did not exist before. Note: Not all non-native plants are invasive. In fact, when many non-native plants move into new places, they can easily reproduce or spread without further human intervention (eg, Knapweeds, Thistles).

It makes plants natural In non-native areas, they do not need human help to reproduce and sustain themselves over time. Although their offspring reproduce and propagate naturally (without human assistance), natural plants do not eventually become part of the local plant community. Many natural plants are found near areas controlled by humans. And, it is sometimes used to propagate unnatural plants that do not invade areas under the control of indigenous plants. However, invasive plants are natural invasive plants that grow and spread without human help. Vitex is an example of a natural plant.

Unusual plants Plants are not native to our continent. Plant from Europe is a stranger to North America. Plants from North America are strange in Japan. Namely, Hoa from SE Asia, India, Chinese fringe tree, Camelia both from China, Kududuzu wine from Japan, Tumbleweed (Ake Russian thorn) from Russia.

Transferred plant The present part of the continent is non-native. (California popcorn in New England is an example of a migratory species.)

Weeds For them CThe use of oatmeal is a non-native (USDA) animal and plant health testing service (APHIS). Divorce – Any plant that poses a significant threat to agriculture and / or the ecosystem in the United States.

Harmful weeds It is a particularly troublesome plant. Legal Context (Federal Plant Protection Act) – Any plant or plant product (including nursery or plant products) that may directly or indirectly harm or harm crops, livestock, poultry or other agricultural needs, irrigation, exploration, natural resources of the United States, public Health or the environment. Note: USDA APHIS contains a list of federally recognized weeds. It is illegal to import or transport hazardous weeds listed at the federal level. Some states or territories have details and have passed laws that govern their responsibilities except Connecticut.

In all plant species, it can sometimes be difficult to decide which category to fall into. We hope these definitions help you decide what you have in your yard and garden.

For more gardening information or inquiries, please call our hotline at 409 882-7010, Tuesdays and Thursdays, 10 a.m. or 2 p.m. ocmg1990@gmail.com. Our website is https://txmg.org/orange.

The next master’s gardening class will begin on August 26 and will run through December 9, with the exception of Thanksgiving Week. Classes will be held every Thursday night from 6pm – 8/8: 30 pm with a few Saturday lessons and field trips. Fees include $ 150 for your training / handbook, speaker fees and supplies. To email, please email us at the address above. Registration deadline is Tuesday, August 24.

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