Pigs and thorns – competitors have a common goal

Georgia and South Carolina share a border, a passion for football and pride in their peers.

The campuses of the University of Georgia and the Clemson University were separated by only 70 miles, and in 1897, bulldogs and tigers began to fight on the football field. With more than a dozen games, Yuga and Clemson have had some amazing times that have changed the hopes of the champions. From both groups.

The Bulldogs and Tigers will meet for the 65th time on Saturday, September 4.

As the battle rages on the football field, even between the two states, there is more intense competition.

At the end of the 19th century, when the state of Peach began to export to the northern provinces, Georgia was designated as Peach, and Georgia’s legislature passed in 1969. It was released in 1995.

However, South Carolina produces more peach than any other state in the state except California.

Despite their footballing competition, UGA and Clemson researchers have worked together for many years to help peach producers overcome the challenges of growing their image and sweet fruit.

Pest resistance and disease reduction

Similar developmental conditions in the two states create a field of play by Climson and Ugapich researchers to plan and coordinate prevention strategies against disease, pests and climate change. Common insect pests include the San Jose scale, plum curculi, and peach trees. To help fight these criminals, the two universities have set up a joint appointment for Pich Intology.

A.D. In 2016, Brett Blaw joined the faculty as an assistant professor at Clemson and Uga and as a member of the peach groups at both universities. His research focuses on integrating insect behavior and ecology to effectively and sustainably control insect pests in southeastern peach farms.

“Many peach producers spread both states in terms of insects – and often the work we do in one state affects farmers in both states,” he said. In many ways, it makes sense to have someone in this divided space.

UGA and Clemson Intomologist Brett Blow use invertebrate leaves to collect insects from peach trees.

He works closely with pathologists and horticulturists at both colleges, as well as with Klimson and Uga Cooperative Promotion Agents and Peach Producers in both states. During this time, Blao is collaborating with Clemson Plant pathologist Guido Schnabel and gardener Juan Carlos Melgar to explore the impact of different weights on soil health and subsequent tree health and insect pests. Blaw and Schnabel are also exploring how they can be included in the current treatment program for Birch using vegetable oil to control the size of San Jose.

When Georgia filed a lawsuit against the Peach State Moniker, South Carolina produces a lot of yeast, which is probably how difficult it is to keep crops on the same soil in many seasons, he said.

“Many of the issues in peach production come from repetitive growth on the same soil,” he said. In a state with a long history of growth, peach growth is becoming more and more difficult due to pests and diseases.

The soil that growers for years can contain bacteria, fungi, and nematodes that can harm the trees. Blaw and other researchers aim to “build healthy trees” by adding a variety of mounds to create healthy soils. One of the purposes of the study was to improve soil health by studying whether “good” microbes, nematodes, and microorganisms could support bacteria that could attack larvae. Other objectives focus on assessing the impact of soil nutrients on soil water and nutrition, as well as on fruit and tree diseases.

He added that the research will benefit peach farmers all over the southeast, as many pich producers grow many similar species depending on the climate and the environment.

Harvest for a winning product

Phil Branen and Schnabel, a yoga extension fruit specialist, meet regularly to develop research projects based on the problems they face.

We were losing a lot of peach fruit due to the fungus, and working with Guido, we were able to determine if brown rot in Georgia was a strong resistance to certain fungal drugs, Branen said. “Then we developed some very effective spraying programs to control brown rot. Brown rot is a serious problem throughout Georgia’s production.

When brown rot decay reached the gardens of South Carolina, it was already planned to fight it.

“The disease is a major cause of pneumonia in South Carolina and Georgia,” says Schnebel. “Fruit farming also helps reduce spring spray emissions. Floors of clean orchards are key to controlling coffee rot.

Researchers at both universities have also collaborated in the fight against the bacterium Exx, which causes bacterial meningitis. The study was funded by the USDA’s National Agency for Food and Agriculture (Nifa) and led by Schmidel and Jose Paeroro from Clemson and Uga Brannan, among others. Together, they are working to determine how to effectively manage the disease and build a system for future farmers.

According to Wang, the disease is estimated to cost more than $ 20 million a year in South Carolina and Georgia. “This disease is difficult to control and once it goes into the garden, there is life for that garden. It is a constant battle. ”

Other peach collaborations between universities include UGA peach horticulturist Dario Chavez, who is working with Kelsen researchers to improve economic and environmental sustainability.

Chavez and Brann also collaborated with Clemson peach breeder and genetics Ksenija Gasic on another NIFA-funded decay of Armageddon, making it unsuitable for host plants for many years in a soil-borne disease. .

Farmers on both sides of the state line have witnessed good-natured ribs, but they deserve fruit domination with both Georgia and South Carolina – both Blaine and Brian agree on one fact.

“The easy part is here. Both the thorns of Georgia and the thorns of South Carolina could be 10 times better than the thorns of California Peach – and that’s not even a lie.

“Obviously, they are both very good, but they are all better than the thorns in California,” he laughs.

When it came to football, Brian said he was happy for Ejiga and his husband, a native of the Midwest, Michigan. But their work in Peach will maintain friendly competition between peach farmers in Georgia and South Carolina for many seasons.

To learn more about UGA Peach Team research, visit peaches.caes.uga.edu.

Leave a Comment