Commercial cannabis requires a successful productive IPM (Integrated Pest Management) program. IPM programs are designed to control pest inflation below the threshold.
Cannabis cultivation includes pest control tests that are different from other crops. Cannabis is relatively strong, but it is very susceptible to fungal pathogens, especially during the late flowering period. Like all monoculture crops growing under controlled conditions, plant crops can grow uncontrolled, causing significant crop damage.
Supervisors have banned the use of many of the pesticides commonly used by herbal cannabis growers. Burning flowers cannot be washed before use, and some chemicals can be more dangerous to humans when burned. For these reasons, it is inappropriate to use cannabis in many of the chemicals used in other crops.
Successful cannabis IPM programs vary by manufacturer and region, but they share four main principles.
Principle 1 – Prevention
Successful IPM programs vary by manufacturer and region, but they share basic principles. The first principle of cannabis IPM is prevention. This includes biological safety and control measures to prevent the introduction and spread of pathogens and pests in production areas. Common steps to limit plant vectors to human vectors are hygienic, footpaths, air vents, air purifiers, and positive pressure in production areas. The effectiveness of these measures depends on the physical relationship between the farm and the natural environment.
Most cannabis pathogens are either locally grown or planted in living plants. They love pathogens Podosphaera macularis, Cannabis has been implicated in fungal infections, the host is limited and not present in all areas. Other common pathogens, including Botrytis cinerea, Are rooted, and provide whenever circumstances allow. The first line of defense is to ban pathogens from producing germs. Biological origin materials must be imported In a glass, Or like achenes. Ideally, in order to reduce the chances of virulence, incoming plants should be the result of a meritistic tissue culture.
Principle 2 Continuity
The second important principle of successful cannabis IPM programs is the continuity of care from plant creation to post-harvest. Cutting should always be taken from a strong, healthy stock. The cloning process often involves humidity, temperature, and unfavorable weather conditions that support fungal pathogens. Unless they penetrate directly into the soil, biotechnologists should be considered as root media. Including many creatures Bacillus Nucleus, Streptomyces lydicus, And Trichoderma Harzianum, They have been shown to be effective in killing fungal pathogens, and are found in product labels.
Principle 3 – Observation
Observation is the third central component of pest control programs. All crops should be thoroughly inspected by trained personnel at least once a week. Pest maps are used to detail the identities and strengths of all pest infestations for effective targets for biological emissions and other treatments. Pest maps are posted on production sites, and all crop operations continue to limit human vectors from low to high pest pressure.
After the formation of small plants, useful nematodes can be drunk, and hippocampus termites (S. Burning) Distribute on the ground surface. These biocontrol agents have been shown to be effective in controlling fungal mosquitoes, ticks and other pests at their larval stage. These targeted pests do not cause direct economic damage to cannabis, but can serve as vectors for other pathogens.
Bulk (carrier of vermiculite) Amblisius Phalasis, Phytoseiulus persimilis, And other predatory ants have been involved in floriculture to control arachnid pests during horticultural development. Deployment of biological hunters requires active management and evaluation. Issues of intragulated, and non-target predictions, as well as life cycle, climate, and the characteristics of bios and target pests must be carefully considered. Slow-release bags containing hunters Neoseiulus (= Amblyseis) californicas, And A. swirskii, Provide continuous and efficient release of hunters after the shield is closed.
Principle 4 – Climate
Greenhouse climate management is critical to maintaining healthy crops. Humidity, temperature, and airflow must be managed to suppress pathogens and pests and to promote the existence of predators and biopsies. Once plants are established in plant growth, the mechanical aspects of pest management can be applied.
Regular circumcision improves airflow through fluoride and allows for better absorption of UVC light treatments. The use of geotextile or plastic coatings on developing media can greatly reduce the number of fungi that can multiply by six to 10 days after planting. Sticker cards are used to assess pest pressure and estimate treatment strategies.
Managing pest pressure is a survival challenge for all farmers. Cannabis production in greenhouse environments must be carefully monitored to ensure safe and compliant production with limited chemical interference.
Other control strategies
There are a number of effective fungi that can be used in plants that are compatible with most laws. Sulfur is usually applied in steam, and its use should be used with caution, as it can interfere with plant health and the formation of biological predators.
Horticultural oils can provide effective pesticides, but should not be used in combination with sulfur due to phytotoxic factors. Potassium bicarbonate sprays may be effective in suppressing PM, but should not be mixed with other products as a solid basis for their action. Extraction of giant noothed plant (Rhinoceros scabiesis) It is effective in promoting immune responses and can often be combined with other biologists.
With the creation of flower combs, many tools for controlling fungal pathogens are no longer appropriate. Some products are safe to spray during this time, but spraying flowering plants increases the chances of high humidity. Botrititis set out. As flowering progresses, moisture becomes harder to manage for many purposes, and aging encourages the formation of saprophytes early.
Delayed flowering is a time of abundance for many farmers. In addition to moisture treatment, the use of UVC light is one of the few effective suppresses of fungal pathogens. Light treatments can be done by hand breathing or spraying. Dense trichomoniasis can be disrupted by predators and large body biomarkers Stetros Sometimes applied in late flowering. Large fan leaves can be removed during flowering to increase airflow and reduce pathological loads.
Principles of creating a cannabis IPM program