Reduction of plant diseases and insect pests is now underway for next year

It will never be too late to start managing diseases and pests next year.

By removing finished plants, weeds, and dried fruits from trees, the number of pathogens and insect pests is reduced for the beginning of the new growth season.

Many diseases of the same plants in the summer during the winter.

For example, apples and crabs are a common fungal disease that spends the winter on infected leaves.

Spring’s hot and humid weather stimulates the fungus to grow and release new spores into the tree. Removing dead leaves from these trees in the fall is one way to reduce the severity of the disease next spring.

Due to the weather, the disease cannot be completely controlled by this method, but good hygiene practices are an important part of any disease control strategy.

Remove rotten fruit from trees, especially hanging fruit. Although this fruit looks dry and lifeless, it is very likely to cause many diseases.

This is also true of grapes.

At the end of winter, during the pruning process, remove the fruit from the vine, which can still be used as a source of wine.

It is important to practice good hygiene in the garden. Vegetable tissues can become infected during the winter. Remove dead tomato plants, cucumbers, squash and other plant material.

If the content is lost, then it will not be a rapid source of disease next year and will slow the development of common plant diseases.

Insects can be found in dead leaves in the garden and in the environment and landscape. Pests such as squash wine, Mexican beetle beetle, squash beetle, diamond back moth, tomato snail, cabbage laptop, and imported beef are just a few examples of insects that can overpower the garden.

Removing dead tomato vines, bean bushes, squash, cabbage plants, and other vegetation reduces these pests’ risk in the garden.

These insects often make their home in dead leaves and plant material, which gives them some protection from the environment. Removing plants or growing them in the soil destroys hidden areas.

Excessive weed growth in late autumn and winter also contributes to pest problems. Weeds provide food and shelter for many floating insects and serve as a site for laying eggs during harvest.

In young vegetables, especially sweet corn and egg pests, beetle beetles find food and shelter throughout the winter in crop residues and weeds.

Two-spotted spider mites Once the crops are dry, they continue to feed on weeds. If the weeds are not removed or cut, the spider mites will be ready to contaminate your garden next spring.

In the landscape, the twigs were active in the Giki, Peka, and Permonites. The female beetle picks a twig about the diameter of a thick pencil and chews deep and narrow holes, leaving only a two-foot-long section attached to a thin piece of wood.

Brown beetles walk around the terminal room and make small dots with five to 20 eggs. Armored branches with eggs and white-legged larvae break down and fall to the ground. Pruning of twigs causes developmental defects that affect the shape and appearance of small trees.

To arrange the twigs, collect the fallen twigs and destroy them. This is a very effective way to reduce the risk of an outbreak next year. The use of pesticides to control these insects was not very satisfying.

Another common landscape pest is the bag worm. Small, 1.5 to 2 inches long, brown-green suitcases are always hung in green trees and shrubs with hundreds of eggs. The eggs germinate in May.

By now unloading the suitcases, they will be reduced in number. The easiest way to remove the bag is with hand clips or heavy scissors, otherwise permanent green needles or scales may be pulled off the branch when the bag is being pulled.

If there are too many to remove by hand, expect the eggs to germinate from mid-May to June. The small larvae are then easy to administer with pesticides.

Fall and winter are also great times to inspect plants for insects. These insects often have a hard outer shell similar to the ground and are located at the point where the branches join near the trunk or well.

Insects can be seen on large leaves such as holly or eunice this year. Treatment with sleeping or vegetable oils is often effective in moderation. Follow the label instructions when applying pesticides.

Contact the Daviess County Cooperative Extension Service at 270-685-8480 or for more information on gardening and landscaping.

Leave migratory bird feeders on the way, as migrant birds need food along the way. It does not prevent them from leaving the pastor.

Upcoming events“Eternal Divide the Years” will be presented at Davis County Public Library and Facebook live on Tuesday at 2 p.m.

Extension Master Horticulture Course, which trains volunteers to spread knowledge in the community based on gardening and science, will be held from Friday, September 24 from 8:30 to 11:30 p.m. Applications close September 1.

Annette Meyer Heisdorf, PhD, is a garden extension agent with the Davis County Extension Office. It can be reached at 270-685-8480.

Annette Meyer Heisdorf, PhD, is a garden extension agent with the Davis County Extension Office. It can be reached at 270-685-8480.


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