The success of your florist’s garden may depend on the bees you can’t identify.

A growing number of gardeners may need to take a closer look at the choice of plants to place on their beds. While many are concerned about butterflies, they may be the bees that create or break the wildflowers they are trying to create.

There are hundreds of species of bees that most of us are not aware of and are essential for the protection of all wildlife communities, say scientists at Rutgers University.

Although previous studies have focused on one or a few major bee species, the Rutgers group has concluded that the ecosystem has grown not only on a few but also on a few major species.

Their results support the idea that biodiversity is key to sustaining life on earth, especially at a time when species are rapidly declining due to climate change and human pressure.

“This diversity of bees and rare species of bees is one of the strongest indicators of the importance of maintaining a healthy environment,” said Dylan Simpson, a doctoral candidate in ecology and evolution at the Rutgers graduation program.

“This is important because pollen is essential for the reproduction of plants. And life on earth ultimately depends on plants.

The researchers spotted bees visiting flowers in 10 wildlife sanctuaries and an experimental garden in New Jersey. They looked directly at bee-plant interactions, identified bee species and visited flowering species, and tracked the frequency of interactions between specific bee and plant species.

There are about 400 species of bees in New Jersey, some as common as the Eastern Bumblebees, but others rarely.

“There are more bees than you know,” Simpson said. “Many are small, some are metallic and shiny, some are dark, not eclipsed, and invisible.

Observations include open field areas, observed bee species associated with forests and human-dominated areas.

Contaminated plants include black-eyed Susan, Beef, Goldengrass, New England Aster, Milk Weed, White Clover, Red Clover and others.

The researchers found that different types of bees are often useful for different plant species. While some bees are good for any plant species, the bees needed to support a large plant community should be equally large.

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The high percentage of bees that pollute the plants is a rare species.

Most previous research has focused on single-crop crops, and they have concluded that pollen distribution is often based on a few common bees.

“On the contrary, this study focused on a wide variety of plants and found that even rare bees can be beneficial to certain plants,” Simpson said.

“These results show that beekeepers may have underestimated the importance of bee diversity for a variety of natural ecosystems,” he said.

Find Marcus Schneider on. mschneck@pennlive.com.

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