Gardeners may notice that their tomatoes are cracking or splitting.
“This is a common problem, especially when there is a wide variety of soil moisture conditions,” said David Tክcklen, an extensionist at the University of Missouri.
After a dry season, too much irrigation or heavy rain will result in rapid depletion of water in plants. This can cause ripe fruit to crack vertically or vertically, says Michel Warmun, an MU extension gardener.
Tomatoes that are directly exposed to the sun tend to absorb more heat than daytime fruits and are more prone to cracking. After all, the tomatoes that are left over in the vine often crack at the tip of the stem.
There are several ways to reduce tomato cracking, says Warmond. Provide plants with a consistent supply of moisture by watering or irrigating. Drip irrigation tape can also help. Protect soil moisture by trimming the area with straw, fertilizer, or other materials. Maintain excellent plant fruit by applying calcium nitrate and other nutrients, especially during flowering and fruiting. Too much nitrogen or too much calcium and / or potassium can damage tomatoes.
If it is raining after the drought, harvest any ripe tomatoes. Fruits may not taste as good as whole, ripe tomatoes, but they are still used. Collect any cracked or split fruit immediately after rain and use it quickly before it starts to rot. Remove any fragrant, diseased or rotten fruit.
Farmers have developed a number of varieties that are resistant to cracks, says Trarelin. However, all tomato varieties, including cherries, plums, and common varieties, are susceptible to this problem when the soil is exposed to excessive moisture.
For more updates, visit the MuHorticulture and Agroforestry Research Center Facebook page at facebook.com/mizzouharc (opens in new window).